Naming the Lenses: Part 5

Posted by Administrator on 2/4/2014 to Critical Thinking
So far we have looked at four different worldview lenses, as proposed by James Sire in The Universe Next Door. A fifth worldview lens is existentialism. Existentialism is similar to naturalism in many ways. Both views believe that matter exists eternally, but God does not exist. Death is matter ceasing to exist and personality is extinguished. Human reason is our means of knowing the universe. Ethics relates only to human beings, and history has no overarching purpose. However, there are a few distinctive aspects in existentialism.

Naming the Lenses: Part 4

Posted by Administrator on 1/28/2014 to Critical Thinking
One of the darkest and most depressing worldviews is nihilism. Again we encourage you to read James Sire’s The Universe Next Door to gain more insight into this viewpoint.

Naming the Lenses: Part 3

Posted by Administrator on 1/21/2014 to Critical Thinking
James Sire calls naturalism the second great continent in worldviews (theism being first), and presents naturalism’s core qualities in The Universe Next Door.

Naming the Lenses: Part 1

Posted by Wilcox on 12/23/2013 to Critical Thinking
This entire series of articles on worldviews must be credited to James Sire. His book, The Universe Next Door, is the best work we have ever found to summarize the main worldviews recognized in our world today. Using a series of eight questions, similar to the seven questions posed in the previous article (“Focusing Lenses”), Sire clearly distinguishes and compares each of the nine major worldviews evident in society. His answers are much more detailed and expansive than the brief summaries that follow will convey, so please consider reading The Universe Next Door on your own to get a more comprehensive discussion of these worldviews.

Focusing Lenses: What Is a Worldview?

Posted by Wilcox on 12/16/2013 to Critical Thinking
In his work, How to Read Slowly, James Sire describes a worldview as a map of reality upon which we act. Another author, Boris Uspensky, defines a worldview as “the framework of beliefs, expressive symbols, and values in terms of which individuals define their world, express their feelings, and make their judgments” (Quoted by David Noebel, The Battle for Truth, pp.) It encompasses ideologies, philosophies, theologies, movements, and religions that provide an “over-arching approach to understanding God, the world, and man’s relations to God and the world” (Noebel, The Battle for Truth, pp.)
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